Health Care Counsel

Arent Fox's health care law blog offers news, analysis, and insights for the health care industry.

Health Care Counsel
E-Health, HIPAA / Health Privacy & Security
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OCR’s Quick-Response Checklist for Cyber Attacks Useful for Responding to Petya Ransomware Blitz

Earlier this year, ransomware known as Wannacry crippled Britain’s National Health Service and spread across the globe affecting many other organizations, large and small. Now, many organizations are grappling with a new onslaught caused by similar ransomware dubbed Petya. Wannacry and Petya are among a spate of recent ransomware attacks affecting hospitals and other healthcare providers.

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Payer Disputes & Reimbursement
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It’s About Time: Medicare Providers, Suppliers, and CLIA Laboratories No Longer Required to Write Plan of Correction on Right Side of Form 2567

In a move that practically all Medicare providers, suppliers, and Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments laboratories will welcome, the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services has declared that Plans of Correction and Allegations of Compliance no longer must be input directly onto the Statement of Deficiencies form (also known as “Form 2567”). This announcement formally came on June 16, 2017, when the Director of the CMS Survey & Certification Group issued a memorandum to the Directors of the State Survey Agencies providing guidance for the new format of POCs and AOCs.

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Prescription Drug Pricing & Government Price Reporting
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Sweeping Nevada Law to Impact Manufacturers, PBMs, Pharma Sales Representatives, and Nonprofit Organizations

Nevada is the latest state in the Union to adopt some form of a drug pricing transparency law, after Nevada Governor Brian Sandoval signed Senate Bill No. 539 into law on June 15, 2017. The breadth and scope of this particular bill is unlike any other transparency bill that we have seen to date, and has the potential to impact not only the manufacturers of the narrow class of drugs the bill focuses on, but all manufacturers with sales forces in Nevada, as well as non-profit patient assistance programs.  

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Affordable Care Act
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Washington’s Best Kept Secret Revealed: What’s in the Senate Health Care Bill

After weeks of closed-door meetings about the content of the Senate’s health care bill, Senate Republicans released a “discussion draft” of their legislation on Thursday. The bill, titled the “Better Care Reconciliation Act of 2017” or BCRA, is the Senate’s response to the bill passed by the House of Representatives in May. While the bill is likely to be amended before it moves to a vote before the Senate (with a vote possibly coming as early as next week), the discussion draft provides insight into the health care system changes that are likely to result if the bill (or something similar) ultimately becomes law. 
 
Among other things, the Senate bill:

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ERISA
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Examining State Law Claims Under ERISA At Second Circuit

Medical providers seeking to pursue state law claims for payment from health care payers scored a win in the Second Circuit last month in a holding that affirms providers’ ability to hold health care insurers and other payers to their payment representations and promises.

In McCulloch Orthopaedic Surgical Services PLLC v. Aetna Inc., No. 15-2150, 2017 (2d Cir. May 18, 2017), the Second Circuit set out to decide “whether [the Employee Retirement Income Security Act] ERISA completely preempts an out-of-network health care provider’s promissory estoppel claim against a health insurer where the provider (1) did not receive a valid assignment for payment under the health care plan and (2) received an independent promise from the insurer that he would be paid for certain medical services provided to the insured.” The court held that ERISA does not completely preempt this type of claim.

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E-Health, HIPAA / Health Privacy & Security, Telemedicine & E-health
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Congress on Notice: Health Care Cybersecurity is in Critical Condition

Earlier this month, the Health Care Industry Cybersecurity Task Force sent to Congress the Report On Improving Cybersecurity in the Health Care Industry. The Report provided a grim assessment that “health care cybersecurity is a key public health concern that needs immediate and aggressive attention.” Consistent with its mandate under the Cybersecurity Act of 2015, the Task Force included in the Report “six high-level imperatives” to address cybersecurity issues in health care with a total of 21 recommendations and 104 suggested action items to implement those recommendations.

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Prescription Drug Pricing & Government Price Reporting
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Pharma Industry Take Note: Maryland Passed Price-Gouging Prohibition
Alleged price gouging by drug manufacturers and distributors has been in the news the past several years, causing many lawmakers to threaten to take action. Maryland has become the first state to do so – on May 26, 2017, Governor Larry Hogan of Maryland informed the Maryland Speaker of the House that he would permit H.B. 631, also known as the “Prohibition Against Price Gouging for Essential Off-Patent or Generic Drugs”(437th Gen. Assemb., Reg. Sess. (Md. 2017)) to become law. The Act takes effect October 1, 2017, and makes Maryland the first state in the nation to prohibit “price gouging” by manufacturers or wholesale distributors of generic prescription drugs. Of note, Governor Hogan did not sign the bill into law, rather he decided not to veto it, rendering the bill law after 30 days.
 
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ERISA
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Church-Affiliated Benefit Plans Exempt from ERISA: What the Supreme Court’s Ruling Means for Healthcare Providers

The Supreme Court issued a stunning ERISA decision on Monday, overturning the law in the three federal circuits as to what constitutes a “church plan” that is exempt from ERISA’s requirements. In Advocate Health Care Network v. Stapleton, 581 U. S. ____ (2017), issued June 5, 2017, the Court held that ERISA’s “church plan” exemption applies to plans sponsored by hospitals that are affiliated with churches, regardless of whether or not those plans were actually established by a church. This decision reverses contrary rulings by the Third, Seventh, and Ninth Circuits.  While this case arose out of pension plans sponsored by church-affiliated entities, the decision will apply equally with respect to health and welfare plans. 

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Prescription Drug Pricing & Government Price Reporting
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Reminder to Generic Manufacturers: Q1 2017 Unit Rebate Amounts Billed by State Medicaid Programs Will NOT Include Additional Discounts

Pursuant to the Bipartisan Budget Act of 2015, manufacturers participating in the Medicaid Drug Rebate Program must pay an Additional Discount on Non-Innovator products to the extent the Average Manufacturer Prices (“AMPs”) of their products are rising faster than inflation when compared to a base line period. However, the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (“CMS”) stated in April 14, 2017 e-mail correspondence to manufacturer technical contacts listed for the Drug Data Reporting for Medicaid System (“DDR”) that DDR system updates needed to automate the Additional Discount calculation on Non-Innovator products were not finalized in time and, as such, first quarter 2017 Unit Rebate Amounts for Non-Innovator products will NOT include the calculated Additional Discount, if any.

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Arent Fox LLP, founded in 1942, is internationally recognized in core practice areas where business and government intersect. With more than 350 lawyers, the firm provides strategic legal counsel and multidisciplinary solutions to clients that range from Fortune 500 corporations to trade associations. The firm has offices in Los Angeles, New York, San Francisco, and Washington, DC.